How Old Black Churches Die

See the new St. Paul AME Story Map, Where the Dead Rise Up I was scanning aerial photography of Caroline County and saw this striking image in the landscape – above-ground crypts in a church graveyard: The 1897 map shows

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Historic Boon Farmstead – Vanished from the face of the Earth

A century before Ridgely, there was Boonsboro. During 1800-1850, Boonsboro was a thriving crossroads village with a church, school, wheelwright shop, and homes.  Its leading citizens were the descendants of John Boon, who acquired large landholdings nearby in the late

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For map geeks only: Choptank watershed 1898-1944 from KML

I created a map app where you can compare  hi-res USGS topo maps of the Choptank River watershed for different time frames, 1898-1944. I did it by downloading KMZ files using the USGS TopoView app and publishing them on my own web

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The black blacksmith with a bellowy laugh

In West Denton … there were two blacksmith Shops serving the farmers and residents of the area. One was operated by a Negro named Walter Moore …  I doubt if any kingdom ever fell because Walter’s nails came loose.

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The true reason why Frederick Douglass gave his heart to Anna Murray

Rosetta Douglass Sprague wrote in the memoir about her mother, Anna Murray Douglass, that young Frederick Bailey “gave his heart” to Anna Murray, and she “sympathized with him and she devoted all her energies to assist him” to escape slavery

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First woman President of NAACP got her start in Denton

The first woman president of the NAACP, Dr. Enolia P. McMillan, started her professional career as a teacher in Caroline County in 1927, when she taught at the Denton segregated black high school. The following year, she served as a

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Helicopter Flyover: Historic sites of segregated black schools, 1875-1900

Almost all of the old buildings are gone.  But we can lay old maps over aerial and satellite imagery of Caroline County to find the places where they once stood. Do the “helicopter tour” of the school sites as they look

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News went back to Caroline that I was shot and killed

“You know the feelings of the white people here in Delaware. Are you ready to die?” I said, None of these things move me. I never was so inspired to speak since the day I was born. And news went

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Meet the young black woman from Caroline County who helped Frederick Douglass escape

She was born free in Caroline County.  He was born across the river in Talbot, enslaved. They followed separate paths to Baltimore.  Anna met Frederick for the first time at the city wharves.  He was 19, she was 24. Frederick

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Wartime, when Caroline welcomed immigrants

Dutch immigrants poured into Caroline County in two waves in the 1890s and settled in “Wilhelmina Colonies” east of Dover Bridge.  They came to America when farmland became scarce in their native Holland.  They worked hard, built homes and churches, and

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