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Caroline County sent six regimental, militia, and staff colonels to war against British imperial troops during 1776-1783:
Altogether, they fought at Harlem Heights, Camden, and Yorktown, and on fields of battle in between. They tracked down spies, safeguarded the national treasury, tried deserters, and put down rebellion back home. They conferred with General Washington and urged Maryland’s governor to send more recruits and supplies to the front.
We know where they fought. But we know nearly nothing about the civilian life and final resting place of most of them – Adams, Feddiman, Driver, and Stainton.
The tombs of Richardson and Whiteley are in forgotten places. The rest are lost.
Col. Whiteley’s remains lies in the Whiteley family cemetery near Whiteleysburg. The Whiteley mansion is gone. The burial ground now lies isolated in a large farm field.
Col. Richardson’s tomb is located on a plot of publicly-owned land at Gilpin Point, where the Tuckahoe flows into the Choptank. There is a decades-old, rusted marker miles away on MD 16.
By the 1920s, Richardson’s tomb was reportedly “crumbling”, and the manor house at Gilpin Point was already gone. The Caroline Historical Society added brick work and the existing memorial plaque apparently after that time. Today, the parcel is owned by Caroline County and is maintained as a public river access site.
The map below shows you the way.
Share what you know. Leave a comment or email me.
I would like to point out a couple of inaccurate ideas about Frederick Douglass’s birthplace which are presented in your article, Douglass Park opens on bicentennial, in the Times-Record, February 21.
You misquoted Douglass as having been born “in the town of ‘Tuckahoe’, which was located on the shore of Tuckahoe River but no longer exists.” In fact, there never was a town by that name. Tuckahoe was a rural place, the entire west bank of the Tuckahoe south of Queen Anne. Douglass stated simply, “I was born in Tuckahoe, near Hillsborough”.
Your article also suggests that the location of Douglass’s birthplace is not precisely known. In fact, you can stand within 30 yards of the exact site of the cabin where Douglass was born and raised by his grandmother, Betsy Bailey.
Drive east on MD 303 from Cordova to the stop sign on Lewistown Rd. – a junction known as Tapper’s Corner. Look toward the woods across the farm field. The closest trees mark the head of a gully that was called “Kentucky Ravine” in Douglass’s day. The cabin where he was born stood at the edge of the woods near the head of the gully. Kentucky Ravine may have eroded several dozen yards deeper into the farm field (toward Tapper’s Corner) in the past 200 years. But its head is still very close to the birth site.
The site of Douglass’s birth was researched from Talbot County land records, Douglass’s autobiographies, and Lloyd family historical sources by Dickson J. Preston and published in his book, Young Frederick Douglass – The Maryland Years, in 1985.
Preston’s book was not widely known until my daughter, Amanda Barker Doran, and I first published his findings online with photos and maps in 1996. I have updated The Search for Frederick Douglass’s Birthplace website since then. The web site has attracted hundreds of visitors and email notes from historians, students of African-American history, and tourists since we first published it.
Your readers can learn more about Frederick Douglass’s connections to Caroline and Talbot County at ChoptankRiverHeritage.org. Search on “Douglass”.
Looks like Tuckahoe Park (since 2006) was simply renamed Frederick Douglass Park, and they made a new sign. “X” shows the birthplace location. – DB
I was scanning aerial photography of Caroline County and saw this striking image in the landscape – above-ground crypts in a church graveyard:
The 1897 map shows this was the site of St Paul African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church:
I finally visited the site a few weeks ago. The scene was incredible. Pulpit, piano, pews, and stained glass were still in place. I found hand-hewn sill timbers – evidence that the building was indeed built in the early 1800s, as noted by one source.
The roof is caving in. One of the newer headstones in the graveyard was deliberately toppled off its pediment. Within a generation, this old church building will die and disappear into the landscape like many others. The gravestones will remain hidden under tangled vines for a thousand years. Then they will disappear, too. The viewing is here:
Stand in the Place.
Soon St. Paul AME church will be gone. The obituary might read like this – adapted from the non-profit St. Paul Church Historical Revitalization and Maintenance Inc.:
“St. Paul Church Historical Revitalization and Maintenance Inc. was formed in December 2000 to preserve church and maintain the grounds. The church building is over 150 years old …
A century before Ridgely, there was Boonsboro.
During 1800-1850, Boonsboro was a thriving crossroads village with a church, school, wheelwright shop, and homes. Its leading citizens were the descendants of John Boon, who acquired large landholdings nearby in the late 1700s.
Boonsboro disappeared before 1900. The historic Boon farmhouse vanished suddenly before 2016. Only the family burial plot remains.
Maps, aerial photos, and a CRH site visit in 2009 tell the story.
I created a map app where you can compare hi-res USGS topo maps of the Choptank River watershed for different time frames, 1898-1944.
I did it by downloading KMZ files using the USGS TopoView app and publishing them on my own web server. Then adding the URLs to my map app. So easy, you can do it yourself. Heh. I’m sure you’ll want to read details here about the map scales, dates, and metadata.
To see all the layers for all the years, you have to view the larger map app. No time? Just zoom in with this map that shows only 1904-1918. You’ll get the idea. (Yeh, that a KMZ service can be slow.)
In West Denton … there were two blacksmith Shops serving the farmers and residents of the area. One was operated by a Negro named Walter Moore … I doubt if any kingdom ever fell because Walter’s nails came loose.
Rosetta Douglass Sprague wrote in the memoir about her mother, Anna Murray Douglass, that young Frederick Bailey “gave his heart” to Anna Murray, and she “sympathized with him and she devoted all her energies to assist him” to escape slavery in Baltimore.
Why Anna Murray?
Because she was the girl from down home in Tuckahoe Neck.
The first woman president of the NAACP, Dr. Enolia P. McMillan, started her professional career as a teacher in Caroline County in 1927, when she taught at the Denton segregated black high school. Continue reading First woman President of NAACP got her start in Denton